Patient Eligibility

Patients are eligible for hospice care when a physician makes a clinical determination that life expectancy is six months or less if the terminal illness runs its normal course. To help make that determination, use these guidelines. These are provided as a simple tool and are not meant to take the place of a physician's professional judgment.

If a patient does not meet these guidelines, they may still be eligible for hospice care due to co-morbidity or rapid decline.

General Criteria for a Hospice-Appropriate Patient

For a patient to be eligible for hospice, the following criteria must be met:

  • The illness is terminal (a prognosis of ≤ 6 months) and the patient and/or family has elected palliative care.
  • The patient has a declining functional status as determined by either:
    • Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) rating of ≤ 50-60%
    • Dependence in 3 of 6 Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
  • The patient has alteration in nutritional status, e.g., > 10% loss of body weight over last 4-6 months
  • The patient has an observable and documented deterioration in overall clinical condition in the past 4-6 months, as manifested by at least one of the following:
    • ≥ 3 hospitalizations or ED visits
    • Decrease in tolerance to physical activity
    • Decrease in cognitive ability
  • Other comorbid conditions

Clinical Hospice Criteria

90% of Hospice of Frederick County’s patients have a primary diagnosis of:

  • Cancer
  • Advanced dementia
  • End-stage heart disease
  • End-stage lung disease
  • HIV-related conditions

Other Hospice of Frederick County’s patients have diagnoses including:

  • Liver disease
  • Renal disease
  • ALS
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • COPD

All Hospice of Frederick’s patients should:

  • Have a prognosis of 6 months or less if the terminal illness runs its normal course
  • Agree to a care plan with goals that are palliative in nature—the goals of care are primarily focused on management of the patient's physical, psychosocial, emotional and spiritual symptoms, rather than on treatment of the primary disease

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